Verbs:Das Passiv im Präsens
Voice is a grammatical category that describes the relationship between a verb and its subject. Just like in English, this relationship in German can be active or passive. If the subject is acting, the voice is active, but if the subject is being acted upon, the voice is passive.
||Der Mann stiehlt einige Rapunzeln aus dem Garten.
||The man steals a few lamb's lettuce from the garden.
||Einige Rapunzeln werden aus dem Garten gestohlen.
||A few lamb's lettuce are stolen from the garden.
In the first example above, the subject (i.e., the man) acts upon the direct object (i.e., steals the lamb's lettuce). In the second example, the subject is the lamb's lettuce: it is acted upon when it is stolen.
The subject is not mentioned in the second example. Leaving the agent responsible for the action out (i.e., using the passive voice) indicates that the agent is obvious, or insignificant, or altogether unknown. The Fairy Tale police would have used the passive voice until the identity of the Täter (criminal) was certain, and they just wanted to enter into their blog the fact that some rapunzel went missing from the witch's magic garden ...
To state the agent in a passive construction, use the dative preposition von (by).
|Passive voice + agent
||Leider wird der Mann von der alten Hexe erwischt und anschließend erpresst.
||Unfortunately, the man is caught and subsequently blackmailed by the old witch.
If the agent is an inanimate force (i.e., the weather) use the accusative preposition durch.
|Passive voice +
|Das Leben der Hexe wird durch Zauberei vereinfacht sie muss keine Minute im Garten verbringen, und trotzdem wachsen die Rapunzeln unglaublich schnell!
||The witch's life is made easy by magic (with the help of magic) she doesn't have to spend a minute in her garden and her rapunzels still grow unbelieveably fast.
As you can see, the passive voice is formed with the auxiliary verb werden and the past participle of the main verb (i.e., stehlen => gestohlen in the examples above).
The passive voice uses all of the same tenses as the active voice, but the most frequently used tenses in the passive are the present, simple past, and present perfect tenses.
Das Passiv im Präsens
In the present tense, the auxiliary verb werden is conjugated in the present (i.e., wird, werden, etc.).
|Ein Salat wird aus den Rapunzeln gemacht. Aber weder der Mann noch die Frau geben zu, wer den Salat vorbereitet hat!
||A salad is made out of the lamb's lettuce. But neither the man nor the woman admits who made the salad!
|Zur Strafe wird das Kind von seinen Eltern weggenommen.
||As a punishment, the child is taken from its parents.
|werden to become